We’ve sent requests to police departments around the country for their incident reports, threat assessments, and any other records we can get surrounding the law enforcement response to the protests surging through American cities. While most of our requests are still processing, what we have received illustrates how remarkably unprepared some law enforcement was for demonstrations of this scope.
Responding to North Dakota Governor Jack Dalrymple’s request for aid, nearly 40 police and sheriff’s departments flocked to Standing Rock to participate in crowd control around the #NoDAPL protests. Recently released emails show that many relished the opportunity to test out the equipment and tactics that would be most effective in quelling future unrest in their own states.
Law enforcement and protesters alike will one day find themselves studying the Dakota Access Pipeline protests, maybe in a guide just like the one distributed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to North Dakota law enforcement in September.
As part of their excellent ongoing coverage of the #NoDAPL protests, the folks at Unicorn Riot received a copy of the FEMA crowd control manual being passed around to local cops. In the section of “crowd dynamics,” the manual identifies the seven “types” of protesters recognized by the FBI. Let’s find out which one you are!
Briefings released via FOIA show the Secret Service closely monitoring political demonstrations, regardless of what was being demonstrated for or against.