Ohio’s history of access to public records predates the official passage of the state’s 1963 law, and in fact predates its statehood: As the Reporter’s Committee for the Freedom of the Press noted, a 1901 court decision clearly stated that, “As public records are but the people’s records, it would seem necessarily to follow that unless forbidden by a constitution or statute, the right of the people to examine their own records must remain.”
Unfortunately, that “forbidden by a constitution or statute” caveat can appear at the most inopportune times. For example, courts have ruled that even public employees’ personal notes taken on the job can be exempt, since they were for employee rather than as part of their duties to their employer.
Attorneys fees can, and in some circumstances when promised deadlines are missed or requests are ignored must, be awarded when a requester sues. This is useful as there is no administrative appeal process in the state.
While there is not a set deadline for when a response must be made, it is expected to be “prompt”: Without delay and with reasonable speed, according to the RCFP.
There are no administrative appeals here. Instead a requester must pay $25 to file a complaint in the Ohio Court of Claims, and the government agency has seven days to respond. The court has 45 days to issue a legally binding decision. This saves the requester from paying a lawyer to bring the case to court (as Ohio requesters had to prior to a 2016 update to the law), and they can even engage in mediation over the phone.
- Prompt response time required, usually within several days
- No administrative appeal, but requesters can file an appeal in Ohio Courts of Claims for $25
- Awards attorneys fees and possibly punitive fees of $100 per day
Can you submit a request if you’re not a resident?
To whom does this apply?
Who is exempted?
All “public offices” fall under Ohio’s public records law.
Is there a designated records custodian?
How long do they have to respond?
While there is not set deadline, agencies are expected to respond promptly.
Does the agency have to give you a tracking number or estimated date of completion?
Can they ask why you ask?
Enforcement is primarily through lawsuits, and a request does not need to be rejected before a requester may sue. Courts may award attorneys fees in many cases, and must if the agency simply ignored the request or misses a promised response date. In addition, a court may award a $100 per business day in punitive fees.
The attorney general may also enforce the public records law.
In general, fees of the actual cost of materials, but not labor, may be charged. The Department of Motor Vehicles may charge additional fees for data requested for marketing or other commercial purposes.
Are there fee waivers for media requests or those made in the public interest?
Attorney’s fees - Can you win them?
Although it is not guaranteed, you can still win your attorney fees provided you win your appeal in court.
(2) If a requester transmits a written request by hand delivery, electronic submission, or certified mail to inspect or receive copies of any public record in a manner that fairly describes the public record or class of public records to the public office or person responsible for the requested public records, except as otherwise provided in this section, the requester shall be entitled to recover the amount of statutory damages set forth in this division if a court determines that the public office or the person responsible for public records failed to comply with an obligation in accordance with division (B) of this section.149.43(C)(2)
Exemptions and Appeals
What exemptions exist?
Exemptions to the Ohio Open Records Law are supposed to be specific. As the Reporters’ Committee for Freedom of the Press notes, “Not all statutory exemptions are contained within the statute itself. The Ohio Revised Code contains more than 400 separate statutory provisions addressing public records, many of them setting forth exemptions.”
Do they have to tell you why a portion or pages were redacted or withheld?
Public offices must either “notify the requester of any redaction or make the redaction plainly visible.”
How much time do you have to appeal?
Can you appeal to the courts?
Yes, litigation is the only resource for rejected requests.
Attorneys and Law Firms
The following attorneys and law firms have practiced public records law. Names marked with an asterisk have indicated a willingness to offer pro bono services on a case by case basis.
There are currently no experienced public records law attorneys that we know of in Ohio. Write to us at info@MuckRock.com if you know of any and want to help us out!
News Stories on Public Records Laws in the State
Blogs and feeds primarily focused on public records in Ohio
Public Records Guide and Advice
Big FOIA wins
Have a public records success story? Let us know!
- Request Record
- 694 Filed
- 328 Completed
- 32 Rejected
- 141 No Responsive Documents
- 43 Awaiting Acknowledgement
- 35 Awaiting Response
- 47 Requiring Action
- 2 Overdue
- Allowed Response Time
- No limit
- Average Response Time
- 61 days
- Success Rate
- Average Fee
- 1.30% of requests have a fee
Top Agencies See All
|Cleveland Police Department||53||3,049|
|Columbus Division of Police||50||2,249|
|Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction||39||1,116|
|Ohio State Highway Patrol||32||1,444|
|Cincinnati Police Department||32||572|
|Office of the Attorney General - Ohio||27||422|
|Toledo Police Department||24||403|
|Office of the Governor||19||915|
|Secretary of State||15||111|
|Ohio Department of Public Safety||14||139|
Top Localities See All
|Cuyahoga County, OH||7||29|
|Hamilton County, OH||7||79|
|Delaware County, OH||6||47|