North Carolina, USA

North Carolina Public Records Guide

North Carolina Public Records Law

G.S. §132-1

Passed in 1935

Table of Contents

  1. Overview
  2. The Law
  3. Resources
  4. Stats

Overview

North Carolina’s Public Records Law is a study in opposites. On one hand, it’s both broad and expansive, explicitly applying to every branch and agency. Agencies are forbidden from even asking why a requester is seeking certain records, and are only allowed to charge processing fees in case when “an extensive amount of labor” is involved. And while the latter’s language leaves it open to an officer’s discretion, there’s a separate oversight office to help negotiate fees and ensure the provision isn’t abused.

But on the other hand, the law lacks any real form of enforcement. There’s no time limit in which a request has to be completed, and coupled with the lack of a formal appeal system, requesters without the resources to bring a a lawsuit are left with little recourse but to languish. Requesters dealing with good faith agencies have a strong law on their side, while requesters dealing with bad faith agencies have little to fall back onto.

The Law

Supplemental

  • No time limit
  • No appeals process
  • Processing fees prohibited unless request involves “extensive use of labor”

The Details

Can you submit a request if you’re not a resident?

Yes.

To whom does this apply?

Executive?

Yes.

Judicial?

Yes.

Legislative?

Yes.

Is there a designated records custodian?

No.

Who is exempted?

No agency/public entity is exempted.

How can requests be submitted?

In-person?

Not clear.

Verbally?

Not clear.

By mail?

Yes.

By email?

Yes.

How long do they have to respond?

No statute.

Are there provisions regarding the extension of response times?

No.

Does the agency have to give you a tracking number or estimated date of completion?

No.

Can they ask why you ask?

No - Specifically exempted by law.

What enforcement?

Civil court.

Fees?

Agencies are only allowed to charge copying fees, unless an “extensive amount of labor” is involved. The State Chief Information Office can mediate fees.

Are there fee waivers for media requests or those made in the public interest?

No.

Attorney’s fees - Can you win them?

Yes.

Exemptions and Appeals

What exemptions exist?

Do they have to tell you why a portion or pages were redacted or withheld?

No.

How much time do you have to appeal?

No formal appeal.

To whom does the appeal go?

No formal appeal.

Can you appeal a delay?

No formal appeal.

Do agencies have to tell you where to send your appeal?

No formal appeal.

What if your appeal is denied?

No formal appeal.

Where else can you turn?

Civil court.

Are all appeals kept officially?

No formal appeal.

Resources

Organizations

Attorneys and Law Firms

The following attorneys and law firms have practiced public records law. Names marked with an asterisk have indicated a willingness to offer pro bono services on a case by case basis.

Successful appeals

News Stories on Public Records Laws in the State

Submit a new link

Blogs and feeds

Public Records Guide and Advice

Newsletters

Big FOIA wins

Have a public records success story? Let us know!

Stats

Request Record
347 Filed
148 Completed
17 Rejected
72 No Responsive Documents
46 Awaiting Acknowledgement
25 Awaiting Response
18 Requiring Action
Appeals
None
Allowed Response Time
No limit
Average Response Time
53 days
Success Rate
39.48%
Average Fee
$297.65
2.02% of requests have a fee

Top Agencies See All

Agency Requests Pages Released
Durham Police Department 117 405
Greensboro Police Department 77 151
North Carolina Department of Public Safety 63 1,077
Office of the State Treasurer 62 1,497
Winston-Salem Police Department 46 150
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department 46 2,309
Cary Police Department 42 578
Wilmington Police Department 40 1,162
Cape Fear Public Utility Authority 40 1
Raleigh Police Department 35 80

Top Localities See All

Jurisdiction Requests Pages Released
Durham, NC 139 480
Wilmington, NC 89 1,163
Charlotte, NC 79 2,504
Greensboro, NC 77 151
Winston-Salem, NC 46 150
Raleigh, NC 43 93
Cary, NC 42 578
Chapel Hill, NC 30 13
Greenville, NC 25 143
Mecklenburg, NC 17 4