Anonymous + general hacktivists 2009-2018 (Cleveland Police Department)

Emma North-Best filed this request with the Cleveland Police Department of Cleveland, OH.
Tracking #

P006911-053119

Multi Request Anonymous + general hacktivists 2009-2018
Status
Rejected

Communications

From: Emma North-Best


To Whom It May Concern:

Pursuant to the Ohio Open Records Law, I hereby request the following records:

Documents mentioning or relating to Anonymous (the hacker movement/collective, see below) or hacktivism (defined as hacking as a form of protest and/or activism) generated between 1 January 2009 and 1 January 2019, including but not limited to:

* Internal reports, bulletins, warnings and alerts relating to Anonymous or hacktivism
* Reports from the appropriate IT (Information Technology) or computer offices regarding possible cyber attacks by Anonymous or other hacktivists
* Reports, bulletins, warnings and alerts sent to or received from either the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Department of Homeland Security, any fusion center or federal agency relating to or mentioning Anonymous or hacktivism
* Incident reports investigating possible hacking activity falling within the office's jurisdiction and allegedly carried out by members of Anonymous or other hacktivist groups
* Materials generated as a result of any suspected or actual compromise, breach or "dox" (revealing of personal or private information) by Anonymous or other hacktivists

Anonymous has been described by government agencies as a non-hierarchical hacktivist collective, Anonymous uses hacking (and arguably cracking) techniques to register political protest in campaigns known as “#ops.” Best known for their distributed denial of services (DDoS) attacks, past activities have included attacks against the Church of Scientology; Visa, Paypal, and others who withdrew their services from WikiLeaks’ Julian Assange after that group began releasing war documents; #OpTunisia and others purporting to support the Arab Spring; and a campaign that brought down the website of the Westboro Baptist Church. #Ops are usually marked with the release of a video of a reader in a Guy Fawkes mask using a computer generated voice. See attached for additional background information.

I am a member of the news media and request classification as such. I have previously written about the government and its activities, with some reaching over 100,000 readers. As such, as I have a reasonable expectation of publication and my editorial and writing skills are well established. In addition, I discuss and comment on the files online and make them available through non-profits such as the Internet Archive and MuckRock, disseminating them to a large audience. While my research is not limited to this, a great deal of it, including this, focuses on the activities and attitudes of the government itself. As such, it is not necessary for me to demonstrate the relevance of this particular subject in advance.

As my primary purpose is to inform about government activities by reporting on it and making the raw data available, I request that fees be waived.

The requested documents will be made available to the general public, and this request is not being made for commercial purposes.

In the event that there are fees, I would be grateful if you would inform me of the total charges in advance of fulfilling my request. I would prefer the request filled electronically, by e-mail attachment if available or CD-ROM if not.

Thank you in advance for your anticipated cooperation in this matter. I look forward to receiving your response to this request within 10 business days.

Sincerely,

Emma Best

From: Cleveland Police Department

Dear Emma Best,
Thank you for your interest in public records of the City of Cleveland. Your request has been received and is being processed in accordance with the public records laws. Your request was received in this office on 5/31/2019 and has been given the reference number P006911-053119 for tracking purposes.
Records Requested: To Whom It May Concern:Pursuant to the Ohio Open Records Law, I hereby request the following records:Documents mentioning or relating to Anonymous (the hacker movement/collective, see below) or hacktivism (defined as hacking as a form of protest and/or activism) generated between 1 January 2009 and 1 January 2019, including but not limited to:* Internal reports, bulletins, warnings and alerts relating to Anonymous or hacktivism* Reports from the appropriate IT (Information Technology) or computer offices regarding possible cyber attacks by Anonymous or other hacktivists* Reports, bulletins, warnings and alerts sent to or received from either the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Department of Homeland Security, any fusion center or federal agency relating to or mentioning Anonymous or hacktivism* Incident reports investigating possible hacking activity falling within the office's jurisdiction and allegedly carried out by members of Anonymous or other hacktivist groups* Materials generated as a result of any suspected or actual compromise, breach or "dox" (revealing of personal or private information) by Anonymous or other hacktivistsAnonymous has been described by government agencies as a non-hierarchical hacktivist collective, Anonymous uses hacking (and arguably cracking) techniques to register political protest in campaigns known as “#ops.” Best known for their distributed denial of services (DDoS) attacks, past activities have included attacks against the Church of Scientology; Visa, Paypal, and others who withdrew their services from WikiLeaks’ Julian Assange after that group began releasing war documents; #OpTunisia and others purporting to support the Arab Spring; and a campaign that brought down the website of the Westboro Baptist Church. #Ops are usually marked with the release of a video of a reader in a Guy Fawkes mask using a computer generated voice. See attached for additional background information.I am a member of the news media and request classification as such. I have previously written about the government and its activities, with some reaching over 100,000 readers. As such, as I have a reasonable expectation of publication and my editorial and writing skills are well established. In addition, I discuss and comment on the files online and make them available through non-profits such as the Internet Archive and MuckRock, disseminating them to a large audience. While my research is not limited to this, a great deal of it, including this, focuses on the activities and attitudes of the government itself. As such, it is not necessary for me to demonstrate the relevance of this particular subject in advance.As my primary purpose is to inform about government activities by reporting on it and making the raw data available, I request that fees be waived.The requested documents will be made available to the general public, and this request is not being made for commercial purposes.In the event that there are fees, I would be grateful if you would inform me of the total charges in advance of fulfilling my request. I would prefer the request filled electronically, by e-mail attachment if available or CD-ROM if not.Thank you in advance for your anticipated cooperation in this matter. I look forward to receiving your response to this request within 10 business days.Sincerely,Emma BestAttachments:https://cdn.muckrock.com/outbound_composer_attachments/TheEmmaBest/71026/A-0010-NCCIC-BULLETIN.pdfUpload documents directly: https://https://www.muckrock.comhttps://accounts.muckrock.com/accounts/login/?url_auth_token=AAAVU4bGnxl6w3Xzoo_7VqUR_Lc%3A1hWYF7%3A2CF0ck06rFCz14nL3lE1AnI2gCY&next=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.muckrock.com%2Faccounts%2Flogin%2F%3Fnext%3D%252Faccounts%252Fagency_login%252Fcleveland-police-department-661%252Fanonymous-general-hacktivists-2009-2018-cleveland-police-department-74475%252F%253F

Your request will be forwarded to the relevant city department(s) to locate the information you seek and to determine the volume and any costs associated with satisfying your request. You will be contacted about the availability and/or provided with copies of the records in question. PLEASE NOTE: The public records law does not require a governmental body to create new information, to do legal research, or to answer questions.

From: Cleveland Police Department

RE: PUBLIC RECORDS REQUEST of June 03, 2019, PIR Reference # C005093-060319.

Dear Emma Best,

We received a request for Public Records and have forwarded your request to the appropriate team. Your new reference number is: C005093-060319.

You requested: To Whom It May Concern:

Pursuant to the Ohio Open Records Law, I hereby request the following records:

Documents mentioning or relating to Anonymous (the hacker movement/collective, see below) or hacktivism (defined as hacking as a form of protest and/or activism) generated between 1 January 2009 and 1 January 2019, including but not limited to:

* Internal reports, bulletins, warnings and alerts relating to Anonymous or hacktivism
* Reports from the appropriate IT (Information Technology) or computer offices regarding possible cyber attacks by Anonymous or other hacktivists
* Reports, bulletins, warnings and alerts sent to or received from either the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Department of Homeland Security, any fusion center or federal agency relating to or mentioning Anonymous or hacktivism
* Incident reports investigating possible hacking activity falling within the office's jurisdiction and allegedly carried out by members of Anonymous or other hacktivist groups
* Materials generated as a result of any suspected or actual compromise, breach or "dox" (revealing of personal or private information) by Anonymous or other hacktivists

Anonymous has been described by government agencies as a non-hierarchical hacktivist collective, Anonymous uses hacking (and arguably cracking) techniques to register political protest in campaigns known as “#ops.” Best known for their distributed denial of services (DDoS) attacks, past activities have included attacks against the Church of Scientology; Visa, Paypal, and others who withdrew their services from WikiLeaks’ Julian Assange after that group began releasing war documents; #OpTunisia and others purporting to support the Arab Spring; and a campaign that brought down the website of the Westboro Baptist Church. #Ops are usually marked with the release of a video of a reader in a Guy Fawkes mask using a computer generated voice. See attached for additional background information.

I am a member of the news media and request classification as such. I have previously written about the government and its activities, with some reaching over 100,000 readers. As such, as I have a reasonable expectation of publication and my editorial and writing skills are well established. In addition, I discuss and comment on the files online and make them available through non-profits such as the Internet Archive and MuckRock, disseminating them to a large audience. While my research is not limited to this, a great deal of it, including this, focuses on the activities and attitudes of the government itself. As such, it is not necessary for me to demonstrate the relevance of this particular subject in advance.

As my primary purpose is to inform about government activities by reporting on it and making the raw data available, I request that fees be waived.

The requested documents will be made available to the general public, and this request is not being made for commercial purposes.

In the event that there are fees, I would be grateful if you would inform me of the total charges in advance of fulfilling my request. I would prefer the request filled electronically, by e-mail attachment if available or CD-ROM if not.

Thank you in advance for your anticipated cooperation in this matter. I look forward to receiving your response to this request within 10 business days.

Sincerely,

Emma Best

Attachments:

https://cdn.muckrock.com/outbound_composer_attachments/TheEmmaBest/71026/A-0010-NCCIC-BULLETIN.pdf
Upload documents directly: https://https://www.muckrock.comhttps://accounts.muckrock.com/accounts/login/?url_auth_token=AAAVU4bGnxl6w3Xzoo_7VqUR_Lc%3A1hWYF7%3A2CF0ck06rFCz14nL3lE1AnI2gCY&next=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.muckrock.com%2Faccounts%2Flogin%2F%3Fnext%3D%252Faccounts%252Fagency_login%252Fcleveland-police-department-661%252Fanonymous-general-hacktivists-2009-2018-cleveland-police-department-74475%252F%253F

The information you requested will require additional time to retrieve depending upon the information you are requesting and the divisions, sections or units responsible for retrieving the responsive documents. Other factors affecting the processing of your request may include research, processing, redactions and copying. In compliance with the Government Code 552.221(d), the Open Records Unit anticipates the information may be provided from the date of this letter, by 10:00 am. within 20 business days

Respectfully,

Open Records Staff
This is an auto-generated email and has originated from an unmonitored email account. Please DO NOT REPLY

From: Cleveland Police Department

--- Please respond above this line ---
RE: PUBLIC RECORDS REQUEST of Reference # P006911-053119 Dear Emma Best, The City of Cleveland received a public record request from you on May 31, 2019. You requested the following: “To Whom It May Concern:

Pursuant to the Ohio Open Records Law, I hereby request
the following records:

Documents mentioning or relating to Anonymous (the
hacker movement/collective, see below) or hacktivism
(defined as hacking as a form of protest and/or activism)
generated between 1 January 2009 and 1 January 2019,
including but not limited to:

* Internal reports, bulletins, warnings and alerts relating
to Anonymous or hacktivism
* Reports from the appropriate IT (Information
Technology) or computer offices regarding possible cyber
attacks by Anonymous or other hacktivists
* Reports, bulletins, warnings and alerts sent to or
received from either the Federal Bureau of Investigation,
the Department of Homeland Security, any fusion center
or federal agency relating to or mentioning Anonymous or
hacktivism

* Incident reports investigating possible hacking activity
falling within the office's jurisdiction and allegedly carried
out by members of Anonymous or other hacktivist groups

* Materials generated as a result of any suspected or
actual compromise, breach or "dox" (revealing of personal
or private information) by Anonymous or other hacktivists

Anonymous has been described by government agencies
as a non-hierarchical hacktivist collective, Anonymous uses
hacking (and arguably cracking) techniques to register
political protest in campaigns known as “#ops.” Best
known for their distributed denial of services (DDoS)
attacks, past activities have included attacks against the
Church of Scientology; Visa, Paypal, and others who
withdrew their services from WikiLeaks’ Julian Assange
after that group began releasing war documents;
#OpTunisia and others purporting to support the Arab
Spring; and a campaign that brought down the website of
the Westboro Baptist Church. #Ops are usually marked
with the release of a video of a reader in a Guy Fawkes
mask using a computer generated voice. See attached for
additional background information.

I am a member of the news media and request
classification as such. I have previously written about the
government and its activities, with some reaching over
100,000 readers. As such, as I have a reasonable
expectation of publication and my editorial and writing
skills are well established. In addition, I discuss and
comment on the files online and make them available
through non-profits such as the Internet Archive and
MuckRock, disseminating them to a large audience. While
my research is not limited to this, a great deal of it,
including this, focuses on the activities and attitudes of the
government itself. As such, it is not necessary for me to
demonstrate the relevance of this particular subject in
advance.

As my primary purpose is to inform about government
activities by reporting on it and making the raw data
available, I request that fees be waived.

The requested documents will be made available to the
general public, and this request is not being made for
commercial purposes.

In the event that there are fees, I would be grateful if you
would inform me of the total charges in advance of
fulfilling my request. I would prefer the request filled
electronically, by e-mail attachment if available or CD-ROM
if not.

Thank you in advance for your anticipated cooperation in
this matter. I look forward to receiving your response to
this request within 10 business days.

Sincerely,

Emma Best

Attachments:”

Thisrequest is vague and overbroad and improperly seeks a complete duplication of theCity's records rather than identify the requested records withsufficient clarity as required in State ex rel. Dillery v. Icsman(2001), 92 Ohio St.3d 312, 314-315 and State ex rel. Glasgow v. Jones,2008, 119 Ohio St. 3d 391. If you have any questions, or wish to discuss this further, you can reply to this email or go to the Cleveland Public Records Center and Send a New Message. (https://u8387778.ct.sendgrid.net/wf/click?upn=xSfKPyHO1-2F4Mny2NCLJVujkzUkLWgqWH0U6vFlmMNON-2FyUogjhz03SiQFShbmM5gEw6pGAIIO90o3QThqZpgaDvwzcu0Z1mYJgNQNJnyDe4-3D_872Sm26arc1Th1r5goaAZ2ZABTArXXfsLcUpN17nbITDidLgwgpsy0AA7BdKf2LNPoUZJtUip18MnudEz6Apxh-2FJv6smaBKQODSjkLb7b2Cgrp0X73kygKDi2mvv5IM-2FvHnUV2oavRfR8xoVkWOvwJVlSyi4bm35vIufsfY0GbDg3JQmASjrICUAOe1VPM6pnYvPdORBRIQo-2FLWh8jzYx7-2BW7a7BV7cAhYJ-2B6CpYcX2462A-2FHQo4V11J3a7t8HokJJ7Ft9ZC3HjCPQ77QYOevKULxUivaeHdJaqwW06A2s4gTLClERwUK-2BJvJQbt-2FJNWk7JKrK4JlUvNDpvdBCILmVvuJydZniu2e6nU1wq7gOV6KkDegff8MiLSIBdDUXb3BwrsqyzM2QPsKZt2VE2t4w-3D-3D)
Sincerely, City of Cleveland - Public Records

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