Welcome to MuckRock's Freedom of Information Act appeal guide!

Each entry provides background and context about an exemption to the public records laws in all fifty states, as well as federal FOIA. Read more about United States of America's public records law or explore all our expert FOIA guides. Have a public records appeal or information on an exemption we should include? Consider sharing your knowledge with everyone by donating your FOIA appeal language.


Also known as Law enforcement proceedings 5 U.S.C. ยง 552(b)(7)a b7a.

This guide is for informational purposes only, is general in nature, and is not legal opinion nor legal advice regarding any specific issue or factual circumstance.

Records or information compiled for law enforcement purposes, but only to the extent that the production of such law enforcement records or information: A) Could reasonably be expected to interfere with enforcement proceedings