Slave Trade records from all Ports, 1513 to 1888 (United States Customs and Border Protection)

ROBERT BROWN filed this request with the United States Customs and Border Protection of the United States of America.
Tracking #

CBP-FO-2023-018644

Multi Request Slave Trade records from all Ports, 1513 to 1888
Est. Completion None
Status
Withdrawn

Communications

From: ROBERT BROWN

To Whom It May Concern:

Pursuant to the Freedom of Information Act, I hereby request the following records:

The “slave trade” and “anti-slave trade” records of the United States Government---federal, state, county and municipal, its predecessor entities, and related records from 1513 to 1888.

The following information will clarify our request:

The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database (TASTD 2022) estimates that 4,369 voyages trafficked (traded) captive and enslaved Africans to and from US Ports between 1513 and at least 1866. An estimated 2,459 of these voyages flew US and/or British flags; an estimated 1,216 of them flew Portuguese and/or Brazilian flags; an estimated 288 of them flew the French flag; an estimated 230 of were not registered and did not fly a legal flag; an estimated 130 of them flew Danish and/ or Baltic flags; an estimated 43 of them flew Spanish / Uruguayan flags; an estimated 2 of them flew Other flags; and an estimated 1 of them flew the Duchy of Courland flag.

Captive and enslaved Africans were trafficked (traded) to and from the following and other US ports: Amelia Island, Annapolis, Baltimore, Beaufort, Biloxi, Boston, Bristol (RI), Carolinas, Charleston, Delaware River, Florida, port unspecified, Georgia, port unspecified, Hampton, Maryland, port unspecified, Massachusetts, port unspecified, Mississippi, Mobile, New Bedford, New England, New Haven, New London, New Orleans, New Providence, New York, Newbury, Newport, Newport and Boston, Newport and Salem, Norfolk, North Carolina, port unspecified, North Hampton, North Kingston, North Potomac, Patuxent, Pennsylvania, port unspecified, Pensacola, Perth Amboy, Philadelphia, Piscataqua, Portland, Portsmouth (NH), Potomac river, Providence, Puerto Rico, port unspecified, Rappahannock, Rhode Island, port unspecified, Salem, San Juan, Savannah, South Carolina, port unspecified, South Potomac, St. Augustine, St. Croix, St. Thomas, Upper James River, USA, location unspecified, Virginia, port unspecified, Warren, and York River.

Enslaved Africans were also trafficked (traded) on US flagged, constructed, financed, and crewed ships to and from a host of other ports in Africa, the Americas, Europe and Asia. The products that enslaved labor produced---especially tobacco, sugar, and cotton---were also trafficked (traded)on U.S. and other flagged ships, to and from US and other ports.

The US constitution and related treaties, laws, and regulations---federal, state, county and municipal---required these and other ships and voyages to register; and to file and update all required and related documents. These documents are preserved at the National Archives.

We request that you search the following and other record groups and records of all these 4,369 voyages, and all other similar voyages. We will file FOIA requests to each of the agencies listed below, and will keep you and them informed of the progress:, the U.S. Customs Service, 1745 - 1982; Adjutant General's Office, 1780's - 1917; Boundary and Claims Commissions and Arbitration; Bureau of the Census (crop schedules and international trade records); Civil War Special Agencies of the Treasury Department; Continental and Confederation Congresses, and Constitutional Convention; Department of Justice; Department of State; Department of the Interior, and it’s Secretary; Department of the Treasury, and it’s Solicitor; District Courts of the United States; Office of Naval Records and Library; Publications of the U.S. Government, 1790-1888; Supreme Court of the United States; United States, and its Predecessor’s Documents Relating to Foreign Affairs, 1513-1888; United States General Accounting; United States House of Representatives; United States Senate; the Colonial Predecessors of the U.S., and their “Mother” Countries; the Government of Puerto Rico, and its predecessor entities; and the Government of the Virgin Islands, and its predecessor entities.

The requested documents will be made available to the general public, and this request is not being made for commercial purposes.

In the event that there are fees, I would be grateful if you would inform me of the total charges in advance of fulfilling my request. I would prefer the request filled electronically, by e-mail attachment if available or CD-ROM if not.

Thank you in advance for your anticipated cooperation in this matter. I look forward to receiving your response to this request within 20 business days, as the statute requires.

Sincerely,

ROBERT BROWN

From: United States Customs and Border Protection

ROBERT BROWNN/AMuckRock News, DEPT MR137597263 Huntington AveBoston, Massachusetts 0211512/08/2022CBP-FO-2023-018644Dear ROBERT BROWN: This notice acknowledges receipt of your Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request to U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) received on 12/7/2022. Please use the following unique FOIA tracking number CBP-FO-2023-018644 to track the status of your request. If you have not already done so, you must create a SecureRelease account. This is the only method available to check the status of your pending FOIA request.Provisions of the Act allow us to recover part of the cost of complying with your request. We shall charge you for records in accordance with the DHS FOIA regulations outlined on the DHS website, https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2016/11/22/2016-28095/freedom-of-information-act-regulations. By submitting your request, you have agreed to pay up to $25.00 in applicable processing fees, if any fees associated with your request exceed this amount, CBP shall contact you; however, the first 100 pages are free. Due to the increasing number of FOIA requests received by this office, we may encounter some delay in processing your request. Consistent with 6 C.F.R. Part 5 § 5.5(a) of the DHS FOIA regulations, CBP processes FOIA requests according to their order of receipt. Although CBP’s goal is to respond within 20 business days of receipt of your request, FOIA does permit a 10-day extension of this time period in certain circumstances pursuant to 6 C.F.R. Part 5 § 5.5(c). As your request seeks documents that will require a thorough and wide-ranging search, CBP will invoke a 10-day extension for your request pursuant to 6 C.F.R. Part 5 § 5.5(c). If you would like to narrow the scope of your request, please contact our office. We will make every effort to comply with your request in a timely manner.CBP’s FOIA Division is working hard to reduce the amount of time necessary to respond to FOIA requests. We truly appreciate your continued patience. For additional information please consult CBP FOIA website please click on FOIA Act Resources or visit http://www.cbp.gov/site-policy-notices/foia. Sincerely,U.S. Customs and Border Protection
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v.E.1

From: ROBERT BROWN

Thank you for acknowledging receipt of our FOIA request: CBP-FO-2023-018644.

We will create a SecureRelease account." We agree to "pay up to $25.00 in applicable processing fees." Please advise us when and how to pay online. We understand that "if any fees associated with [our] request exceed this amount, CBP shall contact [us]; however, the first 100 pages are free."

At the appropriate time, we will request a waiver of fees.

We look forward to hearing from you again, within the next 30 business days = 20 business days plus 10-day extension.

From: United States Customs and Border Protection

ROBERT BROWNMuckRock News, DEPT MR137597263 Huntington AveBoston, Massachusetts 02115 12/15/2022CBP-FO-2023-018644Dear ROBERT BROWN,This is a final response to your Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request to U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) requesting CBP maintained records. Specifically, you requested " The “slave trade” and “anti-slave trade” records of the United States Government---federal, state, county and municipal, its predecessor entities, and related records from 1513 to 1888."We conducted a comprehensive search of files within the CBP databases for records that would be responsive to your request. Unfortunately, we were unable to locate or identify any responsive records, based upon the information you provided in your request. You may want to reach out to the National Archives for further assistance in your search at https://www.archives.gov/, additional contact information below. This completes the CBP response to your request. You may contact CBP's FOIA Public Liaison, Charlyse Hoskins, by sending an email via your SecureRelease account, mailing a letter to 90 K St, NE MS 1181, Washington DC, 20229 or by calling 202-325-0150. (If you need telecommunication relay service (TRS) assistance to communicate with the CBP FOIA Office and you are in the United States, please dial 711 to obtain TRS assistance and notify the Communications Assistant that you want to contact the CBP FOIA Office at the tel"ephone number (202) 325-0150). The FOIA Public Liaison is able to assist in advising on the requirements for submitting a request, assist with narrowing the scope of a request, assist in reducing delays by advising the requester on the type of records to request, suggesting agency offices that may have responsive records and receive questions or concerns about the agency’s FOIA process. Please notate file number CBP-FO-2023-018644 on any future correspondence to CBP related to this request. For your information, Congress excluded three discrete categories of law enforcement and national security records from the requirements of the FOIA. See 5 U.S.C. 552(c). This response is limited to those records that are subject to the requirements of the FOIA. This is a standard notification that is given to all our requesters and should not be taken as an indication that excluded records do, or do not, exist.If you are not satisfied with the response to this request, you have a right to appeal the final disposition. Should you wish to do so, you must file your appeal within 90 days of the date of this letter following the procedures outlined in the DHS regulations at Title 6 C.F.R. §5.8. Please include as much information as possible to help us understand the grounds for your appeal. You should submit your appeal via SecureRelease. If you do not have computer access, you may send your appeal and a copy of this letter to: FOIA Appeals, Policy and Litigation Branch, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, 90 K Street, NE, 10th Floor, Washington, DC 20229-1177. Your envelope and letter should be marked "FOIA Appeal." Copies of the FOIA and DHS regulations are available at www.dhs.gov/foia. Additional information can be found at the following link https://www.cbp.gov/sites/default/files/assets/documents/2019-Dec/definitions-exemptions-foia_0.pdf.Additionally, you have a right to seek dispute resolution services from the Office of Government Information Services (OGIS) which mediates disputes between FOIA requesters and Federal agencies as a non-exclusive alternative to litigation. If you are requesting access to your own records (which is considered a Privacy Act request), you should know that OGIS does not have the authority to handle requests made under the Privacy Act of 1974. You may contact OGIS as follows: Office of Government Information Services, National Archives and Records Administration, 8601 Adelphi Road-OGIS, College Park, Maryland 20740-6001, e-mail at ogis@nara.gov; telephone at 202-741-5770; toll free at 1-877-684-6448; or facsimile at 202-741-5769.Sincerely,U.S. Customs and Border Protection
This message (including any attachments) contains confidential information intended for a specific individual and purpose, and is protected by law. If you are not the intended recipient, you should delete this message and any disclosure, copying, or distribution
of this message, or the taking of any action based on it, by you is strictly prohibited.
Deloitte refers to a Deloitte member firm, one of its related entities, or Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited ("DTTL"). Each Deloitte member firm is a separate legal entity and a member of DTTL. DTTL does not provide services to clients. Please see www.deloitte.com/about
to learn more.
v.E.1

From: ROBERT BROWN

Hi,

Thanks so much for your help with this request! I really appreciate it.

Sincerely,
ROBERT BROWN

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