It is a clone of this request.
|Submitted||Oct. 27, 2021|
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To whom it may concern,
This request focuses on the planning and safety of a nationwide high pressure carbon dioxide pipeline network spanning nearly every state.
We ask this question in light of the recently published HuffPost article “The Gassing Of Satartia” by Dan Zegart, which details an accident in Mississippi where a large CO2 pipeline ruptured in February 2020, flooding a small town with a dense cloud of CO2 and injuring dozens of people, some of whom were found unconscious, trapped in their cars while trying to escape. Most residents were unaware of the danger prior to the incident or how to respond.
The development of carbon capture and storage has been prioritized at the Federal level since the late 2000s. Funding for CO2 pipelines by 2021 is part of multiple bills before Congress.
Maps found within reports published by the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Carbon Capture Program, Princeton University and non-profit organizations like the Great Plains Institute, show a vast nationwide network of planned CO2 pipelines. Theoretically, the pipeline network would transport captured CO2 from existing pollution sources like power plants, oil and gas production and cement manufacturing, to sites in other states that have been identified for deep injection into geologic formations.
According to maps attached below the request, Michigan is identified as having existing CO2 pollution sources and/or planned CO2 pipelines and disposal sites. These modeling exercises and maps have been developed for use in national CCS programs, budgeting and planning.
Maps attached are copied from these specific documents:
Carbon Capture Coalition (Great Plains Institute), “Federal Policy Blueprint” February 2021, pg.16
Princeton University, “Net Zero America”, December 2020, page 243
Our FOIA/Public Records request in more detail:
I request copies of all communications, reports, notes, and discussions pertaining to the safety of carbon dioxide (CO2) pipelines that have been built or will be built within Michigan as part of a national carbon capture and storage (CCS) plan being developed by the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and it’s Carbon Capture Program.
Specifically, I request all communications regarding CO2 pipelines, CO2 transport, and CO2 disposal within the state of Michigan between the Michigan Department of Natural Resources and other state or local agencies, as well as, but not limited to, any of the following Federal agencies or task forces:
Interagency Task Force on Carbon Capture and Storage
Department of Energy
Office of Fossil Energy
Carbon Storage Program
Department of Interior
Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM),
Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS,
Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC)
Department of Transportation (DOT)
Environmental Protection Agency
Ground Water Protection Council (GWPC)
I also request copies of any notes, communications, discussions including but not limited to the following topic areas:
CO2 Pipeline Routing and Risks
Any specific CO2 pipeline routes discussed within Michigan
Consideration of potential risks to communities or environmental justice concerns during route planning process
Pipeline construction specifications - diameter, pressure, capacity of pipelines to be built
Risk of leaks from CO2 pipelines
Experiments or modeling of CO2 pipeline accidents
Potential risk contamination of CO2 waste stream, including hydrogen sulfide and water.
Setbacks from populated areas - distance
Warning systems for nearby communities
Specialized CO2 training for first responders
Availability of self-contained breathing apparatus for first responders
Information and/or training for health care staff in treatment of hypercapnia (CO2 poisoning)
The time frame for this request is 2003 to the present.
Climate Investigations Center (CIC) requests these records so that communities may have adequate information in order to protect themselves from the hazards posed by CO2 pipelines. The state’s Public Records/Open Records/FOIA law is designed to ensure transparency and for that reason, agencies are to liberally interpret the law in favor of disclosure and to process records in a timely manner.
Disclosure of these records, especially for proposed pipelines, cannot reasonably present a danger to public safety and instead would provide a powerful tool for community input prior to construction. Additionally, to the extent your search results contain information that is legally exempt from disclosure, non-exempt material must be separated from those records to the extent feasible and provided in response to this request.
Because CIC requests this information for the public benefit and has no commercial interest in the material, I also request a waiver of fees. Should you decide to charge fees for providing copies of records in response to my request, please notify me. If practicable, provide copies of records in their native format. I request that you provide records in electronic form using the email address listed below. Please reach out to me with any questions or issues regarding this request.
Thank you for your assistance.
Climate Investigations Center
Climate Investigations Center
To Whom It May Concern:
I wanted to follow up on the following Michigan Freedom of Information Act request, copied below, and originally submitted on Oct. 27, 2021. Please let me know when I can expect to receive a response.
Thanks for your help, and let me know if further clarification is needed.
I do not see the request in the portal. Did you follow the instructions as indicated in the automated response email? If not, I will have to create an account for you and enter it.
Legislative and Legal Affairs
Michigan Department of Natural Resources
Dear Mr. Daniel Zegart:
Thank you for your interest in public records of the Michigan Department of Natural Resources (DNR). Your request dated 10/29/2021 given the reference number N000463-121621 for tracking purposes. Records Requested: "See attached request"
In accordance with the Michigan Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), MCL 15.231 et seq, the DNR gives citizens the right of access to most public records. Records which are exempt from disclosure under the FOIA may be withheld. In addition FOIA does not require governmental bodies to create new records or answer questions; a request must ask for records or information already in existence.
The DNR will respond to your request within five business days. If necessary, the DNR may issue a notice extending for no more than 10 additional business days the time it has to respond to your request.
You may monitor the progress of your request at the link below and will receive an email when your request has been completed.
FOIA Request Center (https://u8387778.ct.sendgrid.net/ls/click?upn=6HtRfOYLt5fXvpttM-2FU1HfAkURnI65T3UwJQ68CxqLDKoBHDUER1GxoQvsfVoQs46wjmt8r7tPnZXjYzwjGpmmStRSMoZcyOryTomrA-2FuXA-3DlM-H_p-2Bp-2FfWSs08Ou-2BAohcwhcXHp9OFwkMpWpmD5Lav0HLHHPn4xJoFpR6uvziRCh6MU80AohoH8psYsoQRby0U-2BdwgsT1hCwBBSvWJYj9vMwma8pwlgjBR9X-2FRkmLCM4zj-2BvAQG8Ubors7E9Mt-2FR0XHuf9tIxVdYakaxBri8-2B2-2BswyN9cFfrr0yj0MCZtjAqHzFfzo7YnrsiJ7b1J6NaCxG86VxJFGPtBjs6MA8me0eGAV2wdbDorhecpV84Y7Sk-2FqQgIAo-2B1PGFzRc0rn4R1-2FL1CHBdg5aFPAnWF4mabZ8mZXBujnB4J0f9nV-2FtC8raVRDKLEvq3N25W4xOqy-2F88BIdDSAsg3df75zE9lqzABuYzCGATStZ8XrSIIFGquqSDuqRgRpL5ZMoDFrqJQYcrB4jVw-3D-3D)
Michigan Department of Natural Resources
--- Please respond above this line ---
December 16, 2021
Reference Number: N000463-121621
Mr. Daniel Zegart
411A Highland Ave
Somerville, MA 02144-2516
Dear Mr. Zegart:
This notice is issued in response to your 10/28/2021 request for information, received by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources (DNR) on 10/29/2021 under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), MCL 15.231 et seq. You have requested information that you describe as:
See attached request
Your 10/28/2021 FOIA request is denied.
The purpose of the FOIA is to provide the public with access to existing, nonexempt public records of public bodies. After a search, to the best of this public body’s knowledge, information, and belief, the public record(s) do not exist as described by you, or by another name or description reasonably known to the public body; therefore, your request to examine or receive a copy of the documents described above is denied. Your request may be better suited for the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs.
The DNR is obligated to inform you that, under section 10 of the FOIA, the following remedies are available to appeal a final agency decision denying your request by:
1) Appealing this decision in writing to Director Daniel Eichinger, P.O. Box 30028, Lansing, MI 48909-7528. The writing must specifically state the word "appeal" and must identify the reason or reasons you believe the denial determination should be reversed. The head of the department, or his designee, must respond to your appeal within 10 days of its receipt. Under unusual circumstances, the time for response to your appeal may be extended by 10 business days.
2) File an action in the court of claims within 180 days after the date of the final determination to deny the request. If you prevail in such an action, the court is to award reasonable attorney fees, costs, disbursements, and possible damages.
The Department’s FOIA Policy and Procedures, as well as its summary can be found at: www.michigan.gov/dnrfoia. (https://u8387778.ct.sendgrid.net/ls/click?upn=6HtRfOYLt5fXvpttM-2FU1HaFtNNmyyPuI7mapdSHta2nkyyUkQYypsMOgm82Z3axMTTNRUads6eqBtwhNt0lZpF-2Fg9ME2B3ng5fav1jOWtd4-3DMMUC_p-2Bp-2FfWSs08Ou-2BAohcwhcXHp9OFwkMpWpmD5Lav0HLHHPn4xJoFpR6uvziRCh6MU80AohoH8psYsoQRby0U-2BdwjjFdaNIbLDZxhrpqjenBcG9zg9MrsD3POZq2dL8oDLc-2F84YZftT-2Bsj-2BvKnPWNJrcMyWMPB22LGUGX0nkwUZVc2bcwxL1-2FJRrKdx-2B-2BkWsaZkhMkMENfJVTpml7qcLUJQMCCfJ1gsqQ-2Fxja3uAzdUq5xEZ5l2ugDDob-2BGyyU9JUTpLvYyDME5T1MihP3Fmk0S4OhY8sr1JoQawVkuPq451CZWkI-2F39079kn0Zglzhmbsg11XzmhKtVjr1nEcG26qu2O-2FvE6-2Fq-2BOvFvdiYP5GNZ9fSlUD07HVdHutMuW9vYMV3MwPOm-2FIoZ2nQkYK60XleQQ-3D-3D)
To monitor the progress or update this request please log into the Michigan Department of Natural Resources (https://u8387778.ct.sendgrid.net/ls/click?upn=6HtRfOYLt5fXvpttM-2FU1HfAkURnI65T3UwJQ68CxqLDKoBHDUER1GxoQvsfVoQs4uPmVhXjV6iwp8mVWd7hlcfMu1yY6GPLEGI1Jjp3I4mc-3D-y2B_p-2Bp-2FfWSs08Ou-2BAohcwhcXHp9OFwkMpWpmD5Lav0HLHHPn4xJoFpR6uvziRCh6MU80AohoH8psYsoQRby0U-2BdwjjFdaNIbLDZxhrpqjenBcG9zg9MrsD3POZq2dL8oDLc-2F84YZftT-2Bsj-2BvKnPWNJrcMyWMPB22LGUGX0nkwUZVc2bcwxL1-2FJRrKdx-2B-2BkWsaZkhMkMENfJVTpml7qcLUJQMCCfJ1gsqQ-2Fxja3uAzdUq5xEZ5l2ugDDob-2BGyyU9JUTp58xSUNmN5FloCApxZVQbPnxOqQDFMiPAQbczKZCGg2wx6qP8W-2FUxUXXzf8xLwqYG-2FokhwZsknfGYOP3kjsklbgVpQrWfOo-2BYZEWRI0OCdxVi45NWrKQT1QF2qVKXq3x035tCnxwS-2F0MD7UhPENJEog-3D-3D)