Mobile Biometric Technologies (Fairfax County Police Department)

Michael Morisy filed this request with the Fairfax County Police Department of Fairfax County, VA.

It is a clone of this request.

Status
Completed

Communications

From: Michael Morisy

Dear Custodian of Records/Public Records Coordinator,

I am collaborating with the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a public interest group, and the media organization MuckRock, to survey how law enforcement agencies deploy mobile biometric technologies.

Mobile biometric technologies can be defined as any mobile device or mobile app used by law enforcement agencies to scan, capture, analyze, store, or automatically recognize any physical or biological characteristic of a subject. Commonly used mobile biometric technologies include fingerprint/thumbprint collection, facial recognition, scans of the iris or other elements of the human eye, Rapid DNA, and tattoo recognition. (Please see below for examples.)

Pursuant to Virginia Freedom of Information Act, I request the following records pertaining to mobile biometric technologies, including those listed above, as well as other biometric technologies I have not identified:

1) Purchasing and procurement documents, including but not limited to: purchase orders, RFPs, responses to RFPs, invoices and contracts

2) Policy, procedural, and training documents, including but not limited to: use policies, standard operating procedures, training materials, presentations, privacy assessments, data retention policies, and other guidelines

3) Programming documents, including but not limited to: funding opportunity announcements, grant applications and grantor status/progress reports, reports to legislative bodies, annual reports

4) Audit documents, including but not limited to: audits of the system, misuse reports, and reports to oversight bodies

In your response, I would appreciate that you individually address each of the above categories of documents individually.

In addition to the above classes of documents, I am also seeking the following information:

- The total number of individuals whose biometric data has been collected over the last three years,
- The total number of [biometric data points] contained in the agency’s database
- The retention period for biometric data
- The number of mobile biometrics devices purchased and in use
- The total number of authorized users of the mobile biometrics devices
- Which external agencies and entities have access to biometric data in the database and under what conditions,
- Whether biometric data is combined with biographic data such as name and address in the database, and
- The process by which data is entered into the database

These documents will be published online and inform the public dialog over police technology. Because of the great public interest in these issues, I ask that you waive any fees. If your agency is unable to do so, please contact me with an estimate of the costs.

Thank you.

Sincerely,

David Horton

Examples:

Mobile facial recognition
http://www.utsandiego.com/news/2013/nov/08/cir-facial-recognition-software-san-diego/

Mobile fingerprint readers
http://www.policechiefmagazine.org/magazine/index.cfm?fuseaction=display_arch&article_id=1824&issue_id=62009

Mobile iris scanners
http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/07/20/us-crime-identification-iris-idUSTRE76J4A120110720

Rapid DNA
http://www.policemag.com/channel/technology/articles/2014/02/speeding-up-dna-analysis.aspx

Mobile Tattoo Recognition
http://www.lawofficer.com/articles/print/volume-10/issue-4/features/new-smartphone-app-interprets.html

From: FCPD FOIA

Thank you for your Freedom of Information Request. The Inspection Division of the Fairfax County Police Department's Internal Affairs Bureau will process your request in the order it was received.

INSPECTIONS DIVISON
Fairfax County Police
Internal Affairs Bureau
4100 Chain Bridge Rd, 12th floor
Fairfax, VA 22030
(703) 246-2793 -Phone
(703) 383-9085 -Fax
FCPDFOIA@fairfaxcounty.gov

From: Fairfax County Police Department

A letter stating the requester must agree to or prepay assessed or estimated fees in order for the agency to continue processing the request.

From: Michael Morisy

Thank you for responding to our public records request. We were surprised to learn that it would take eight hours of work from six different employees to compile responsive records.

In order to streamline the process and reduce costs, we would like to narrow our request. This could be achieved in two possible ways.

1) Your office could let us know which technologies you currently use and we could tailor our request accordingly

2) Narrow our request simply to departmental policies/standard operating procedures for use of these technologies.

It is our hope that by narrowing our request we may reduce the burden on your department and the costs for our project.

From: FCPD FOIA

Thank you for your Freedom of Information Request. The Inspection Division of the Fairfax County Police Department's Internal Affairs Bureau will process your request in the order it was received.

INSPECTIONS DIVISON
Fairfax County Police
Internal Affairs Bureau
4100 Chain Bridge Rd, 12th floor
Fairfax, VA 22030
(703) 246-2793 -Phone
(703) 383-9085 -Fax
FCPDFOIA@fairfaxcounty.gov

From: FCPD FOIA

Mr. Horton C/O Muckrock,

Please be advised that the issue of an entity answering questions or providing direction for such information is specifically addressed Virginia Freedom of Information Act (VFOIA). See Freedom of Information Advisory Opinion A)-06-05 (May 31, 2005) (FOIA only applies to requests for public records, not request for information or for answers to questions.).

However, there is a publicly available Fairfax County Police Department General Order (G.O. 540.2 paragraph nine(9), which details the usage of the 175 Mobile Automated Fingerprint Identification System(AFIS) devices used by the Fairfax County Police Department.

G.O. 540.2 paragraph 9
Mobile Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS) Query –
Mobile AFIS devices perform rapid precursory searches of
automated fingerprint files accessible through the Northern Virginia
Regional Identification System (NOVARIS), and may be a useful
tool in verifying the identity of a person. Consent should be
obtained from a citizen prior to conducting a mobile AFIS query
during a voluntary field contact.

There would be no additional responsive documentation to your original inquiry regarding other forms of biometric data collection.

INSPECTIONS DIVISION
Fairfax County Police
Internal Affairs Bureau
4100 Chain Bridge Rd, 12th floor
Fairfax, VA 22030
(703) 246-2793 -Phone
(703) 383-9085 -Fax
FCPDFOIA@fairfaxcounty.gov<mailto:FCPDFOIA@fairfaxcounty.gov>

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