Facial recognition software and marketing - February 2019 (Durham Police Department)

Beryl Lipton filed this request with the Durham Police Department of Durham, NC.
Multi Request Facial recognition software and marketing - February 2019
Status
Completed

Communications

From: Beryl Lipton


To Whom It May Concern:

Pursuant to the North Carolina Public Records Law, I hereby request the following records:

Records and materials related to the solicitation, acquisition, and use of face recognition technology and related software and services.

This software or services may be provided by Rekognition, Face++, and FaceFirst; this request is applicable to these and any other company providing facial recognition services under consideration or contract with this agency.

Materials responsive materials include but are not limited to:

• Agreements: contracts (including non-disclosure agreements), licensing agreements, nondisclosure agreements

• Bid records: Requests For Proposal (or equivalent calls for bids), sole source or limited source justification and approval documentation, documentation of selection, and other materials generated in the consideration and selection of the technology in question

• Company relations and communications: records related to meetings or follow-up actions with any vendors, companies, or other private entities marketing face recognition to this agency for immigration, intelligence, law enforcement, or other use.

• Financial records: purchase orders, invoices, and other memoranda and documentation.

• Marketing records: All marketing materials - unsolicited, requested, or otherwise - acquired from vendors of face recognition technology

• Policy records: any policy directives, guidance documents, memoranda, training materials, or similar records governing the use of face recognition technology for immigration, law enforcement, or other purposes.

• Training records: training material governing the use, sharing, or access to any related data related to or collected by the face recognition software/technology, including the legal standard that is required before using the technology

• Use and function records: Materials that describe the function of the software considered or in use by this agency, including emails, handouts, PowerPoint presentations, advertisements, or specification documents.

Please limit the search to records produced from January 1, 2017 – present. Please include in your search as responsive records: communications, memorandums, background papers, meeting minutes, email exchanges, or presentation materials. If your office has questions about this request, please feel free to direct them to the address associated with this request or call the MuckRock office at 617-299-1832.

The requested documents will be made available to the general public, and this request is not being made for commercial purposes.

In the event that there are fees, I would be grateful if you would inform me of the total charges in advance of fulfilling my request. I would prefer the request filled electronically, by e-mail attachment if available or CD-ROM if not.

Thank you in advance for your anticipated cooperation in this matter. I look forward to receiving your response to this request within 10 business days.

Sincerely,

Beryl Lipton

From: Durham Police Department

Good afternoon,

I am in receipt of your public records request. The Durham Police Department does not have any records responsive to your request.

Thank you.

Captain Melissa L. Bishop
Executive Officer to Chief of Police
Police Department, City of Durham
602 East Main Street
Durham, NC 27701
919-560-4322 ext. 29202/Office
melissa.bishop@durhamnc.gov<mailto:melissa.bishop@durhamnc.gov>

From: Beryl Lipton

Hello Captain Bishop,

Thanks so much for your message. I'll let you know if I have any other questions.

Best wishes,
Beryl

From: Beryl Lipton

Hello Captain Bishop,

In early 2019, I submitted a request under the North Carolina Public Records Law for materials related to facial recognition software use. I was told at that time that there were no responsive documents. However, I understand that your agency has purchased facial recognition capabilities from DataWorks Plus. Could you please provide any materials responsive to my request that might exist? I have copied a new version below.

Thank you for your time and help.

Best wishes,
Beryl
___________

To Whom It May Concern:

Pursuant to the North Carolina Public Records Law, I hereby request the following records:

Records and materials related to the solicitation, acquisition, and use of face recognition technology and related software and services.

This software or services may be provided by Clearview, DataWorks, Face++, FaceFirst, Rekognition, Vigilant Solutions, and other companies. This request is applicable to these and any other company providing facial recognition services or capabilities under consideration, under contract, or in use by this agency. This request also applies to internally-created systems, any shared system, and any system housed by another agency but accessible to representatives of this one.

Materials responsive materials include but are not limited to:

1. ALGORITHM or CODE
Any algorithm or code developed for implementation of or as part of this "software" or program. This includes any algorithm or software developed by or with, given to, used by, purchased or licensed to this agency for implementation of the above referenced program, as well as any algorithm or source code in use by this program or by which this system conducts calculations or decision making. This would include original source code, any compiled binaries (also known as executables), specification documents, spreadsheets, program scripts, and other digital materials used to calculate any data in the above program.

2. INPUT DATA
Any input training data for the "software" or related machine learning algorithms or programs.

For the aspects of the software that require an input (for example, to compute a value), please provide a copy of the five most recent sets of data that were used for input, as well as the five most recent outputs of the software, in whatever their native format is. If these inputs or outputs include exempt information, please provide all material save for specific information that is specifically exempted by law. Please also provide a description of input and output data fields that will aid in understanding the type of information that is submitted to the software and that is produced by the software.

3. AGREEMENTS and CONTRACTS
Any and all agreements related to the acquisition and use of this "software," algorithm, or program.

This includes (but is not limited to) all contracts (as well as associated amendments, attachments, and exhibits), data sharing agreements, insurance agreements, intergovernmental services agreements, licensing agreements, memorandums of understanding, and nondisclosure agreements regarding or relevant to this software or program.

Please provide a copy of any informal agreements, insurance agreements, liability waivers, and warranties that reference this technology or otherwise guide its use or the relationship between this agency, the provider or developer of the "software," or any other partner or entity that may use or access it.

4. BIDDING and PROCUREMENT
A copy of any available or relevant Requests for Expressions of Interest, Requests For Proposal (or equivalent calls for bids), responses to Requests for Expressions of Interest, letters of interest, responses to Requests for Proposal, sole source or limited source justification and approval documentation, documentation of selection, and other materials generated in the consideration and selection of the technology in question.

5. FINANCIAL and FUNDING MATERIALS
Any records related to the financing or funding of this "software," including a copy of any related funding opportunity announcements, grant applications, grantor status/progress reports, purchase orders, invoices, and other memoranda and documentation related to the payment or cost (or lack thereof) of the "software," related technology, personnel, equipment, or other elements concerning this "software" or program.

6. INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS and TRAINING
All instructional materials, presentations and presentation materials (including recorded video and audio, PowerPoint files, prepared remarks, and slides formats), and other guidance on the use of "the software."

This includes any notes taken during meetings that discussed the use of the software, any explanations (whether generated internally or externally) of how the software works, and any other document that has been used to help explain the use of "the software" to any party, including internal documentation, public relations materials, and executive summaries.

This also includes training material governing the use, sharing, or access to the "software" or any data related to or collected by the face recognition software/technology, including the legal standard that is required before using the technology.

7. PRIVACY ASSESSMENTS
A copy of any data retention guidelines or policies, data security policies, data security specifications, privacy impact assessments, security audits, or other materials evaluating or guiding the security of the "software" or the privacy of the data involved.

8. USE POLICIES
Please provide a copy of any policy directives, guidance documents, memoranda, training materials, or similar records governing the use and function of this technology for immigration, law enforcement, or any purpose, including all those related to data retention, permissible and impermissible use, and security standards. This would include materials that describe the application, function, and use of the "software," including advertisements, emails, handouts, usage policies, PowerPoint presentations, specification documents, or standard operating procedures.

9. AUDITS, REPORTS, and VALIDATION STUDIES
A copy of all reports concerning or mentioning the "software," including audit records, annual reports that mention the use of the "software," reports to legislative bodies, misuse reports, reports to oversight bodies.

This also includes all impact and validation studies. Please provide a copy of any validation studies conducted with respect to the program or with respect to any software or algorithms used in connection with the program. Please also provide a copy of any records pertaining to inquiries for the need of validation studies or discussion of potential or actual validation studies. A “validation study” in this context is any study designed to assess how accurate the program is in predicting what it is supposed to predict, used to assess whether the program may err in the direction of either under- or overestimating likelihoods or predicted outcomes, or intended to evaluate whether the software does or will produce any results that are biased or unexpected in any way.

10. COMMUNICATION and MARKETING MATERIALS
All communications or marketing materials relevant to or mentioning this "software" or program.

This includes any correspondence between any staff at this agency with any other organization or vendor relevant to the use of the aforementioned technology or program, including records related to meetings or follow-up actions with any vendors, companies, or other private entities marketing this technology for immigration, intelligence, law enforcement, or any use. This also includes correspondence in the form of emails, email attachments, paper letters, text message, and any other form of correspondence, as well as all marketing materials - unsolicited, requested, or otherwise - acquired from vendors of this technology.

If your office has questions about this request, please feel free to direct them to the address associated with this request or call the MuckRock office at 617-299-1832.

The requested documents will be made available to the general public, and this request is not being made for commercial purposes.

In the event that there are fees, I would be grateful if you would inform me of the total charges in advance of fulfilling my request. I would prefer the request filled electronically, by e-mail attachment if available or CD-ROM if not.

Thank you in advance for your anticipated cooperation in this matter. I look forward to receiving your response to this request within 15 business days, as the statute requires.

Sincerely,

Beryl Lipton

From: Durham Police Department

Good afternoon,

After further research, the department did purchase a fingerprint scanner which apparently included Facial Recognition capabilities. Command Staff directed that this technology not be utilized and to date it remains inactive.
Attached are the documents pursuant to your request.

Thank you.

Captain Melissa L. Bishop
Executive Officer to Chief of Police
Police Department, City of Durham
602 East Main Street
Durham, NC 27701
919-560-4322 ext. 29202/Office
melissa.bishop@durhamnc.gov<mailto:melissa.bishop@durhamnc.gov>

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